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   Kolar is popularly known as the "Golden Land" of India. Formerly, Kolar was known variously as Kolahala, Kuvalala and Kolala. Kolar was called Kolahalapura during the Middle Ages, but later came to be known as Kolar. Kolahahapura in Kannada meant "violent city", as it was the battlefield for the warring kingdoms of Chalukyas in the north and Cholas to the south.The hills to the west of Kolar, called Satasringa parvata or hundred peaked mountains and also made the scene of the story of Ranuka and Parasu-Rama, and there the latter is said to have revenged upon Kartaviryarjuna the murderer of his father Jamdagni commited in order to obtain possession of Surabhi, the cow of plenty.

Kolar
Kolar in Karnataka India
  Kolar
Subdistricts Kolar, Srinivasapura, Mulbagal, Malur, Bangarpet
Headquarters Kolar
Population 13,87,062
Density 291 /km2
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 8,225 km2
Code Pincode :
Telephone +91 815
Vehicle KA-07, KA-08
Website http://kolar.nic.in/
Kotilingeshwara kolar_Gold_Mines Kurudumale_temple Antharagange
General Profile
Number of Taluk Panchayat 05
Number of revenuesub division 01
Geography: The district, at its greatest length, reaches about 135 km from north to south with almost the same distance from east to west. It occupies the table land of Mysore, bordering the eastern ghats. The general plateau surface is interrupted by a number of hills and peaks of varying heights, particularly in the north. The principal chain of mountains is the Nandidurga range which runs north from Nandi towards Penukonda and Dharmavaram of Andhra Pradesh. The rivers of the district, are small and seasonal. Palar, Uttara Pinakini and Dakshina Pinakini are the important rivers which originate in the elevated regions in the district.
Tourism
Kotilingehswara, Antara Gange, Bethamangala, Kolar Gold Fields and Muddenhalli
Kotilingehswara-The main attraction of this peaceful retreat, which is surrounded by plush greenery, is a huge Shivalinga. Measuring 108 ft (33 m), this shivalinga is tallest of its kind in the world and accompanying it is a 35 ft (11 m) tall Basava, surrounded by lakhs of small shivalingas spread over an area of 15 acres. So far, around 86 lakh shivalingas have been installed. The entire project involves the installation of one crore shivalingas of various sizes, hence the name "Kotilingeshwara". Antara Gange- is famous for the temple situated on the mountain. In the temple is a pond which gets a continuous flow of underground water from the mouth of a Basava (stone bull). Bethamangala- It has a large man-made lake which is a popular picnic spot and supplies drinking water to the nearby mining city of Kolar Gold Fields which is about 5 miles from Bethamangala. Kurudumale - is famous for the Ganesha temple built by a Vijayanagara kings. This place was believed to be the place where Devas would descend from the heavens for recreation on earth. Kolar Gold Fields- This little mining town, about 22 kms, east of Bangalore, was once the pride of the erstwhile Mysore state, and also that of India. This gold mine produced a sizeable amount of gold during the days of the British Raj. Muddenhalli- birthplace of Sir M. Visweswaraya, Visionary engineer and statesman and architect of Karnataka's progress.
Economy:
   Kolar known for gold and silk worldwide is also occupying top position in milk production in the state and is located 70 Kms from Bangalore. District stands first in milk production Due to frequent drought-hits the demand for Agricultural products has gone down and that the people are rather disappointed in this situation If the people of the District with capacity to invest in Tiny and Small scale Industries would come forward to be self employed, it not only provide employment to the local people but also it would be possible to contribute for improvement of Economic condition of themselves, the District /State/Nation.